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Ensuring Human Rights by Strengthening Social Construction
September 12,2014   By:CSHRS

Zhou Qiang

The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) stipulates that the state respects and ensures human rights. That human rights should be earnestly respected and ensured was one goal set forth in the report to the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), which also discussed the Party’s aim to complete the comprehensive building of a well-off society and comprehensively deepen reform and opening-up. The construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics features the spirit of ensuring human rights, which is also evident in the process of completing the comprehensive building of a well-off society and building socialism with Chinese characteristics. In the general plan for building socialism with Chinese characteristics, ensuring human rights should cover economic, political, cultural, social and ecological construction. Social construction is an important part of the general plan. Strengthening social construction is an important guarantee for social harmony and stability. Social construction also keeps abreast with progress in human rights.

I. Strengthening Social Construction, Ensuring Human Rights for People’s Livelihood

The 18th National Congress of the CPC pointed out that the focus of strengthening social construction should be placed on ensuring and improving people’s livelihood. This includes working for people’s benefit, addressing more people’s concerns and dealing well with issues that are of most interest to people. The list includes education that satisfies people, job opportunities of better quality, improved income for urban households, a social security system that coordinates urban areas with rural ones, improved health for the people and innovative social management. With the government achieving improvement of people’s livelihood by encouraging social construction and pushing forward social construction by improving people’s livelihood and ensuring human rights, China has made steady progress in social construction for years. By the end of 2012, the quality and equalization of basic public services had been improved greatly; education had been developed rapidly with nationwide free compulsory education being achieved; the construction of the social welfare system had made great achievements with the nationwide fundamental pension system being established and the new social aid system being formed; medical insurance covering all people had been implemented and the nationwide basic medical and health networks had been established; the construction of government-subsidized housing had been accelerated; and social management was strengthened and innovations were realized while social harmony and stability was maintained. With improvement in the people’s livelihood, the living conditions of the Chinese people have been enhanced greatly, which is characterized by a continuous increase in job opportunities, a rapid increase in individual incomes, steady growth of household assets, obvious improvement in the basic necessities of life, a substantial boost in minimum living standards and the rural poverty line, and sustained increase of the basic pensions of enterprise retirees.

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