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Combating Violent Terrorist Crimes and Safeguarding Human Rights
November 06,2014   By:

Combating Violent Terrorist Crimes and Safeguarding Human Rights
ZHOU Wei  CHEN Chao
China

I. Features and Hazards of Violent Terrorist Crime in China
Violent terrorist crimes refer to the terrorist activities characterized by violence.   From the "Balzan Riot" in the 1990 onward, violent terrorist crimes that happened in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region experienced by turn three periods of emergence and incubation, intensified outbreak, proliferation and perpetration of crimes with increased severity.
First period, emergence and incubation (1990 - June 2009). The "Balzan Riot" was the first violent terrorist crime that took place in Xinjiang in the 1990s. During that incident, the terrorists of the "Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement" established the so-called "East Turkistan (Tujue) Hizbul Islam". They instigated people during the Ramadan, robbed weapons and attacked the county government,  marking the formation of the features of the violent terrorist crimes in Xinjiang, such as the violent terrorist activities that become organized, instigating people through the use of religion, and assaulting state organs, etc. The highest rate of crimes taking place in that period appeared in February 1997, when "February 5th Disturbance" in Yining and a series of criminally caused explosions successively occurred in Urumchi, which severely damaged the rights of people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang to life, health and property. From 1990 to 2005, the terrorist activists engineered more than 260 violent terrorist criminal incidents inside and outside China, killing over 160 people and wounding over 440.  After the short period in which violent terrorist attacks occurred frequently, the violent terrorist crimes disappeared immediately under the stern government crackdown, suggesting that violent terrorist activities were in a preliminary stage, though they were more evidently organized and conducted. In this preliminary stage, only a small number of religious extremists were instigated, the organization and action patterns were not complex, criminal activities were organized in small areas, and the social impact was low, etc.