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Statement by Prof. Akmal SAIDOV
September 21,2015   By:chinahumanrights.org

(Photographer: Lin Yanyi)
by Prof. Akmal SAIDOV,
Director, National Human Rights Centre of
the Republic of Uzbekistan
At the Eighth Beijing Forum on Human rights
on the theme “Peace and Development: Victory of World
Anti-Fascist War and Human Rights Advancement”
(16-17 September 2015)
Your Excellency President of the China Society for Human Rights Studies Mr. Luo Haocai,
Chairman of China Foundation for Human Rights Development Mr. Huang Mengfu,
Dear representatives of international organizations,
Dear participants of the Forum,
Ladies and gentlemen,
It is great pleasure for me to welcome you on behalf of the National Human Rights Centre of the Republic of Uzbekistan and express deep gratitude for the invitation to participate in the Eighth Beijing Forum on Human Rights.
Taking this opportunity I would like to thank the China Society for Human Rights Studies and the China Foundation for Human Rights Development for excellent arrangements and traditional Chinese hospitality.
Truly, Beijing Forum has become a unique world forum on human rights, which is confirmed by issues and geography of its participants.
It should be noted that there is no single model in the world to address these issues, and it is quite remarkable an attempt to discuss general trends in the course of the Forum. Of high importance is the fact that all the proceedings of the Beijing Forums are published on a regular basis and are widely distributed among the scientific community, international organizations and experts on human rights.
Dear participants of the Forum,
Over 70 years since the establishment of the United Nations, significant results were achieved in the field of human rights both at the national and international levels. One can distinguish the following most notable of them.
First, a clear idea of what rights and freedoms belong to the category of universal human rights has been developed. This is reflected in more than 80 international universal treaties developed under the United Nations.
Second, cooperation between the governments in the field of human rights has become universal. The start for this was given with the adoption of the UN Charter and statement in modern international law of respect for human rights as one of the basic principles.
Third, the UN has originated and still develops the concept of intergovernmental cooperation in the field of human rights. It is most explicitly reflected in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action adopted at the World Conference on Human Rights in 1993. In addition, the post of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights was established with branches in many countries.
Fourth, an extensive network of international mechanisms and procedures in promoting, supporting and protecting human rights has been established. The statutory bodies include the Human Rights Council, the special procedures and others. A new unique mechanism has been created to review the information on human rights in all 193 UN member states - Universal Periodic Review (UPR), and is carried out every four years.
Fifth, actively develops regional cooperation in the area of concern. The most advanced systems of this kind of interaction are the European and inter-American system.
Sixth, national human rights institutions are key actors in the international human rights mechanisms. Through their participation in activities of the UN Charter, treaty bodies, and international organizations, the development of international human rights treaties confirms that the international community is moving towards improvement of national human rights institutions.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Along with the positive result achieved under the UN and in the area of international cooperation on human rights issues, there are still problems that worth of special note.
There is a risk of politicization of issues arising in the area of human rights during their discussions at international level.
Of non-constructive nature is contrasting a state sovereignty (its independence in the international arena and the rule of domestic affairs) to a demand of respect for and protection of human rights. With globalization, it has become customary to talk about reducing the role of state sovereignty. In this regard, human rights should receive universal significance and become a sole responsibility of the entire international community.
International mechanisms and procedures in the field of human rights are not in perfect shape. Their number are growing in a chaotic manner, and they often overlap, involving unnecessary financial costs and not always effective, though guaranteeing against politicization, double standards, and selective approach.
A serious problem is the tendency to consider issues related to human rights with a guidance of some abstract schemes, leaving out the specifics of statuses of intergovernmental relations, socio-economic, political and legal environment, and historical and cultural features of a particular state.
There is a constant shortage of resources in the activities of the UN treaty committees that affect the accumulation of backlog of reports by states and individual communications. In addition, many states do not comply with their reporting obligations or violated terms of their submission. There is duplication and excessive “politicization” in mandates of the special procedures of the UN Council on Human Rights (as for 2015, 39 thematic and 14 country mandates).
In various regions of the world grow controversies and confrontations, bloody conflicts, threats such as international terrorism, extremism, drug trafficking, and there again are sign of such evil as fascism, nationalism, and chauvinism.
Many countries do not pay enough attention to ensuring social and economic rights that were explicitly demonstrated during global financial and economic crises. Those issues become compounded by the worsening of economic situation in the world, problems of access to food and drinking water, and increased debt. Chronic discrepancies in promises and actions on the part of developed countries significantly hinder the pace of progress towards the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Now that the international community is in the final stage of implementing the MDGs and the adoption of new global benchmarks - Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, my conclusions would be that there is no universal model of development which is suitable for all states at the same historical period. Negative experiences of some countries show clearly that the attempts to impose “unified standards” of democratic development without taking into account historical and social situations, national and religious traditions of the countries are counterproductive.
We support the leading role of the United Nations in maintaining and promoting international peace, sustainable economy development, international cooperation and security, and promoting common development, human rights and the rule of international law.
Stable world, sustainable development and prosperity would be possible only if they were based on respect for human rights, democracy and the rule of law.
Thank you for your attention.