According to Chen Zhu, Minister of Public Health, from this year, the construction of China's new rural cooperative medical insurance system had began to shift from the pilot phase to the comprehensively promoting phase. The new system should cover 80 percent of the country's rural population in 2007, and almost all of them in 2008. Chen said a total of 24.147 billion yuan (about 3.17 billion U.S. dollars) was pooled for the fund within the first half year, including 1.47 billion yuan of central government subsidies, 13.08billion yuan from the local government and 9.2 billion yuan from rural residents themselves.
The Minister of Public Health Chen Zhu announced China's three strategic steps of development of basic health-care system and relevant action plans. The first step is to initially establish basic framework of the health-care system covering all residents by 2010, to make China one of the countries with nationwide basic health care; the second step is to make China's health service and health care level rank among the first of developing countries by 2015; and the third step is to maintain its status gained by the second step, at the same time, make health-care system in the entire east region and part of the midwest region near or equal to the level of moderately developed countries by 2020.
Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao made a special trip to Beijing Normal University to call on Charge-free teacher-training freshmen on the eve of China's 23rd Teacher's Day. Wen, accompanied by State Councilor Chen Zhili, attended a colloquium with hundreds of students and faculties of the university.
China's State Environmental Protection Administration issued the "Guiding Opinions on Development of Ecological Compensation Pilot Work". According to relevant officials from the Administration, via the pilot work, ecological compensation standard system for key realms would be established, diverse measures and modes of ecological compensation would be explored, formulation and perfection of relevant policies and regulations on ecological compensation would be promoted, and the basis on which the mechanism of ecological compensation is to be fully established would be settled.
The Supreme People's Court issued the Decision on Further Strengthening the Work of Criminal Trial.
According to Zhou Bohua, director general of the State Administration of Industry and Commerce (SAIC) of the State Council, the State Council recently decided to carry out a four-month special campaign to improve product quality and food safety.
The Civilization Office of the CPC Central Committee, All China Federation of Trade Unions, Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Youth League and All China Women's Federation jointly issued the Decision on Commending National Moral Models. Li Mingsu and other 52 persons were honored as "National Moral Models", while Sun Maofang and other 253 persons won the "Nomination for the National Moral Model".
The vice chairman of National Council for Social Security Fund Wang Zhongmin revealed at China's Social Security Forum that since the establishment of the National Social Security Fund, on a time-weighted basis, the average annual rate of return was 3.89 percent, while the average annual operating yield was 6.88%, respectively 2.84 times and 5.02 times of the inflation rate in the corresponding year. In the first half of this year, the yield rate of National Social Security Fund achieved 15.2 percent, and operating income rate was 21.01 percent. As of the end of June, 2007, the National Social Security Fund, on a time-weighted basis, the cumulative operating profit was more than 147.9 billion yuan.
China Development Report 2007: Eliminating Poverty while Developing completed after one and a half year of compilation by many experts organized by China Development Research Foundation. The report showed that from 1981 to 2004, China's poverty rate sharply declined from 64 percent to 10 percent. Statistics showed that, according to the same standards of poverty, China's poverty rate was 23.4 percent higher than the world average level in 1981, yet in 2001, China's poverty rate was 4.5% lower than the world average level.
Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao met with model workers of the coal industry and representatives of advanced collectivities. He indicated that life of every miner must be cherished and assuring safety in production must be regarded as a significant duty of governments and enterprises. Chairman of the National Women's Federation Gu Xiulian, State Councilor Hua Jianmin, vice chairman of the CPPCC National Committee Hao Jianxiu attended the meeting.