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Yubaraj SANGROULA Interplay of Human Rights and Development: The Implementation and Guarantee of Development after the Victory of the World War II
September 18,2015   By:chinahumanrights.org

Yubaraj SANGROULA
Nepal

Interplay of Human Rights and Development: The Implementation
and Guarantee of Development after the Victory of the World War II

Poverty is an outcome the ‘deprivation of liberty to earn, own and use resources; obliteration of the freedom to contract and right to ‘identity-the autonomy ’ of individual. Human rights campaign for people would have no meaning at all if does not ‘emphasize the need of ‘Right ’ to have rights ’.

1.2.Failure of the World Order to Address the Problem of Poverty by Addressing the Problem of Human Rights

The post World War II era was crucial from 'building a justice-based world order'. However, in the most part of the world, though the colonialism largely did away with, the independence achieved by the people failed to bring about the changes in the life standard of the people. The millions of people from the past colonial regime continued to live in a state of economic misery and social exclusion. The poverty exposed common people to an utterly acute state of insecurity of life, the threat to the right to life being the most glaring one—every year even after the World War II over 18 million people continue to die across the world pre-maturely, which constitutes one third of all human deaths. Statistics show that every day fifty thousand people die due to poverty, of which thirty four thousand are children below five.1 The situation has thus witnessed no change at all. Since the end of the cold war era, the volume of deaths from starvation and preventable diseases amount to approximately 250 million, most of them being the children. The global poverty refuses to decline and global inequality continues to increase, more than doubling since 1960. Seemingly, the state of poverty and deprivation represents a state of the 'gross violation of human rights'. The international community has abjectly failed to bring about changes in such a 'grotesque situation' of human security. By contrast, some intellectuals love to put arguments that 'the duty of international community to help poverty-stricken societies is not absolute because they are not responsible to this poverty'.4

The role of international organizations like International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) is hardly appreciable in this regard. Conversely, the rent seeking attitude they have grossly enhanced over the past is one of the 'causes contributing for prolonging the deplorable state of poverty in the developing countries'.5 Most erroneous is the 'system of measuring the poverty across the world—i.e. the standard of daily earning of $1.25. Considering a person having daily earning of $1.26 is nothing but a myth. There is no difference between persons having daily earning of $ 1.26 and $1.26. The developed countries and international organizations controlled by them hardly bothered with the 'urgency of prioritizing the utilization of resources for 'generating threshold ability' of development of the vast poor population of the world, and thus working for rescuing the lives of millions living in a state acute vulnerability of human security and dignity'. The human development in this context is a ‘basic or prerequisite instrument of adequate human security’ leading to a perfect and well secured human dignity. The 'threshold condition' of human rights empowers people’s ability to assert rights to development, and the development, in turn, establishes a 'circumstance enabling people to enjoy full-fledged protection of civil and political participation along with freedoms of conscience and decision making'. The implementation and guarantee of development rights is therefore poor even today, especially in the developing countries.

1.7.New Initiatives in Asia: Conclusion

The rise of Asia economically since 1980s has created a hope. The establishment of the Infrastructure Development Bank under initiative of the PRC and the Chinese Government's plans under president Xi Jinping for revival of the silk route along with its replication in the maritime trade system has generated a prospect of 'economic integration of Asia, form which South Asia is expected to benefit largely. Smaller countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan are supposed to benefit from infrastructure assistance and markets in their neighbours. These initiatives are expected to 'instigate rapid economic development endeavours in such countries', thus providing a better prospect of employment to the economically marginalized countries. As widely discussed in the foregone paragraphs, the economic development is to address of the problem of deprivation of the millions of population in Asia and thus is expected to address the phenomenal problems of human rights. The linkage of human rights and development is thus a paramount theory of humanity in the modern Asia.

(The author is Law Professor, Kathmandu School of Law, Purbanchal University, Nepal.)