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Reflection on the Role of China’s Local Rule of Law in Promoting Poverty eradication in Ethnic Minority Regions– Taking the Multi-ethnic GuizhouProvince of China as an Example
September 28,2016   By:chinahumanrights.org
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WU Dahua,  (photo: Zhao Yifan)

Reflection on the Role of China’s Local Rule of Law in Promoting Poverty eradication in Ethnic Minority Regions– Taking the Multi-ethnic GuizhouProvince of China as an Example
 
WU Dahua, YIN Xunyang*

WU Dahua, Dean and Professor of Guizhou Academy of Social Sciences
 
Abstract:Poverty eradication in ethnic minority regionsis as an important part in China’s bid to turn the country into a moderately prosperous society for all regions and all people in a synchronized way. Thus, ethnic minority regions in China, with their own significant ethnic and regional particularities,have become the priority and conundrum for China’s poverty eradication and development drive.Fully aware of the significance of poverty eradication and development in ethnic minority regions, we should engage in continuous improvement of the legal system in light of the government’s strategic objectives for povertyeradication andputting emphasis on the coordination between poverty reduction and the rule of law, so as to establish and consolidatelegal mechanisms against poverty as soon as possible and speed up the process of poverty eradication in ethnic minority regions. This paper, through an analysis of the status quo of poverty eradication in ethnic minority regions, focuses on the role oflocal rule of law for the promotion of poverty eradication in ethnic minority regions, especially the experience of Guizhou Province in the process of poverty eradication and development – poverty eradication aided by open-ended support and sustainable balance between economic growth and environmental preservation, strengthened by environmental sustainability-orientated “green initiatives”and legislation guarantees, and guided by the formulation of regulations for povertyeradication and development. In conclusion, it is suggested that diversified participants should be ascertained for joint promotion of poverty eradication and development under the dominance of government; the poverty standard, identification process and procedures for publicity and disclosureshould be clarified; a dynamic tracking systemshould be improved for those covered by poverty eradication program; third parties should be introduced for major projects; specific procedures and channels for those covered by poverty eradication program to participate; institutional linkage should be regulated between poverty eradication and development on the one hand and other mechanisms such as subsistence allowance, employment, entrepreneurship, education, healthcare, relief and support by authorities in charge of civil affairs; the protection of the legitimate rights and interests of local minority residents should be included in the principles of poverty eradication and development to strengthen the accountabilitytherefor; andthe penalties for non-compliance should be increased,allowing the rule of law to guarantee poverty eradication of ethnic groups.
 
Keywords:Povertyeradication in Ethnic Minority Regions; Local Rule of Law; Poverty Relief; Legislation
 
Wu Dahua, Professor, Guizhou Academy of Social Sciences.
 
Yin Xunyang, Master Student, Guizhou University for Nationalities.