China revises law on water pollution prevention and control - ENVIRONMENT - Humanrights

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China revises law on water pollution prevention and control
June 28,2017   By:Xinhua

BEIJING, June 28, 2017 -- China's top legislature on Tuesday passed a revised Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law to go into effect on Jan. 1, 2018.

The law was adopted after a second reading at the bi-monthly session of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.

Submitted to the committee for a first reading in December 2012, the new version strengthens government responsibility and supervision.

TOUGH MEASURES

The law stipulates that emergency and back-up water resources should be set up in cities with single water sources and governments above the county-level should make public information of drinking water quality at least once a quarter.

Drinking water suppliers who fail to meet standards will be fined up to 200,000 yuan (about 32,000 U.S. dollars) and operations may be suspended until rectification.

Those who build sewage outlets in protected drinking water source areas will face a maximum fine of one million yuan.

The law instructs government to build sewage treatment and garbage disposal facilities in rural areas, and that standards be set on fertilizer and pesticide use.

The law brings the "river chief" system into being, with leading officials assuming responsibility for addressing water pollution, including resource protection, waterline management, pollution prevention and control, and ecological restoration.

Officials who achieve their goals will be rewarded, while those who fail in their responsibilities will be punished with fines and loss promotion opportunities, Tong Weidong from the NPC Standing Committee's legislative affairs commission told a press conference Tuesday.

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