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China’s participation and contribution to global human rights governance
March 14,2017   By:CSHRS
China’s participation and contribution to global human rights governance 
 
-- LUO Yanhua1 delivers a speech on the 34th session of the Human Rights Council

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LUO Yanhua, Member of China Society for human rights studies; Professor of the School of International Studies, Peking University
 
The global governance refer to solving transnational problems through binding international rules, aimed at maintaining normal international political and economic orders. These problems include global conflicts, ecological problems, human rights, immigrants, transnational crimes, infectious diseases, and so on.
 
Human rights issue is an important field of global governance. Because of the time limit, today I’ll focus on China’s participation and contribution to global human rights governance in the UN arena. 
 
1. China’s active participation in setting the principle, standards for human rights and developing human rights connotation.
 
China is not only the founding member of the United Nations, but also the first country to sign the Charter of the United Nations. China participated in the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, one of the most fundamental documents that establish international human rights standards. Mr. P.C. Chang, a representative from China is one of the special committee of three for the Declaration and involved in all the drafting process. In addition, Chang also made contributions to establishing the form of the Declaration. Furthermore, among the 30 Articles of the Declaration, the discussion and formation of 11 Articles are directly related to Chang.2These articles included article 1, article 2 and 7, article 21 to 27, article 29.3
 
After the establishment of PRC, influenced by the international environment and domestic politics, China seldom took part in international human rights activities in a period. Until the end of 1970s last century, with the reform and open-door policy, China changed its attitude towards international human rights activities. In the 1980s, China started to take a relatively active part in international human rights activities. Many times it sent delegates to participate in drafting legal documents of international human rights, including the working groups of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the International Convention for the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and their families, the Convention on the Prohibition of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Indignity Treatments or Punishments, the Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the Declaration on the protection of national, racial, linguistic and religious minorities.