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What has China achieved in improving people's livelihoods?
June 22,2017   By:chinadaily.com.cn
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June 22, 2017 -- China has made significant achievements in improving people's livelihoods since the incumbent leadership of the Communist Party of China took office in 2012.

Here are some key figures that show the achievements.

1. Stable job increase

China added more than 130 million jobs every year from 2013 to 2016 and kept the urban unemployment rate stable at about 5 percent, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics. The number of migrant workers increased 1.8 percent annually in the period.

2. Rapid rise in disposable income

Chinese residents' per capita disposable income reached 23,821 yuan ($3,488) in 2016, an increase of 7,311 yuan ($1,071) from 2012, which translated into an average annual growth of 7.4 percent.

The per capita disposable income of urban residents was 33,616 yuan in 2016, up 9,489 yuan from 2012. The annual growth rate averaged 6.5 percent.

The per capita disposable income of rural residents increased by 3,974 yuan to 12,363 yuan during the same period, an average annual growth of 8 percent.

3. Improved quality of life

The per capita consumption expenditure reached 17,111 yuan in 2016, an increase of 4,255 yuan, or an annual average growth of 7.4 percent from 2012.

The consumption structure has upgraded rapidly. Expenditures on transportation and communication rose 2 percentage points from 2012. Expenditures on education, culture and entertainment increased 0.7 percentage points while medical services and health spending picked up 1.3 percentage points.

Car ownership per 100 households was 27.7 units in 2016, an increase of 63.9 percent from 2013. The number of domestic tourists totaled 4.44 billion in 2016, an increase of 50.2 percent from 2012. The number of outbound tourists amounted to 122 million, surging 46.7 percent.

4. Millions of people lifted out of poverty

The number of impoverished people in rural areas was 43.35 million in 2016, down 55.64 million from 2012, which means nearly 14 million people were lifted out of poverty every year, on average.

The rate of poverty was cut to 4.5 percent, down 5.7 percentage points from 2012. The average per capita disposable income of rural residents in impoverished areas stood at 8,452 yuan, with an average annual growth rate of 10.7 percent from 2012.

5. Wider coverage of social security network

As of the end of 2016, the number of people covered by basic pension insurance increased by 99.81 million from that in the end of 2012. The number of people covered by urban basic medical insurance rose by 207.51 million, and those on unemployment, work-related injury and maternity insurance grew by 28.64 million, 28.79 million and 30.22 million, respectively during the same period.

The basic pension benefits for enterprise retirees were hiked for the 12th straight year since 2005. There has been solid progress in the integration of urban and rural basic medical insurance. By 2015, personal expenditures on medical services had declined to 29.3 percent of total expenses.

6. Better education

The average years of schooling for people at or above the age of 15 increased from 9.05 in 2010 to 9.42 in 2015.

The nine-year compulsory education has been made universal. The gross enrollment ratio in higher education reached 42.7 percent in 2016, up 12.7 percentage points from 2012.

The country has constantly improved facilities of schools engaged in compulsory education in impoverished areas since 2013. It has scrapped tuition and miscellaneous fees for rural high school students from impoverished families since 2016.

7. Improved medical services

By the end of 2016, China had 983,000 medical and health institutions nationwide, which included 29,000 hospitals, an increase of 6,000 from 2012. It had 8.45 million medical personnel, up 1.78 million from 2012. The number of beds in medical and health institutions rose from 4.24 to 5.27 per 1,000 people.

The average life expectancy grew from 74.83 years in 2010 to 76.34 in 2015. The infant mortality rate declined from 10.3 per 1,000 in 2012 to 8.1 per 1,000 in 2015. The maternal mortality rate dropped from 24.5 per 100,000 to 20.1 per 100,000.

The sports industry boomed. The added value of the sports industry totaled 549.4 billion yuan in 2015, accounting for 0.8 percent of the GDP.

8. Greener environment

The air quality turned better. Of the 338 cities monitored, 24.9 percent reached urban air quality standards in 2016, up 3.3 percentage points from 2015. The average PM2.5 density of cities that did not reach the standards declined 8.8 percent from 2015 to 52 micrograms per cubic meter.

The marine environment improved. Some 73 percent of monitored offshore areas reached the national first and second-grade standards in seawater quality, up 4 percentage points from 2012.

The data is cited from the National Bureau of Statistics.