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China releases white paper on anti-terrorism, de-extremization and human rights protection in Xinjiang
March 19,2019   By:CGTN
March 19, 2019 -- The State Council Information Office on Monday issued a white paper, titled "The Fight Against Terrorism and Extremism and Human Rights Protection in Xinjiang."
 
The white paper said Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is an inseparable part of China, stressing a severe crackdown on terrorism and extremism in accordance with the law.
 
It also highlighted taking preventive steps to counter terrorism, calling for more international exchanges and cooperation on the issue.
 
Integral part of China
 
Xinjiang, a multi-ethnic region since ancient times, constitutes an integral part of the Chinese nation, the white paper said. "Xinjiang ethnic cultures are an inseparable part of Chinese civilization."
 
It said the Uygur ethnic group came into being in the long process of migration and ethnic integration.
 
"They are not descendants of the Turks," it stated.
 
It also said Xinjiang has long been a multi-religious region.
 
Separatism, hotbed of terrorism and extremism 
 
For a long time, terrorist and extremist forces have been beating the drum for separatist activities by distorting, fabricating and falsifying the history of Xinjiang, exaggerating the cultural differences between ethnic groups, instigating isolation and hatred, and advocating religious extremism, the paper said.
 
With the support of international anti-China forces, the "East Turkistan" forces have resorted to all means, fair or foul, to organize, plan and carry out acts of separatism and sabotage.
 
Since the 1990s, especially after the September 11 attacks in the United States, the "East Turkistan" forces inside and outside China have stepped up their collaboration as terrorism and extremism spread around the globe, trying desperately to establish "East Turkistan" through "Jihad" (holy war), it said.
 
The white paper also noted that religious extremism under the banner of Islam runs counter to Islamic doctrines. "It is not Islam," the white paper said.
 
Incomplete statistics show that from 1990 to the end of 2016, separatist, terrorist and extremist forces launched thousands of terrorist attacks in Xinjiang, killing large numbers of innocent people and hundreds of police officers, and causing immeasurable damage to property.
 
"These inhuman, anti-social and barbaric acts have brought enormous suffering to all ethnic groups in Xinjiang," it said.
 
Law-based de-radicalization effort
 
China has been striking at terrorism and extremism in accordance with the law, said the white paper.
 
Counter-terrorism and de-radicalization in Xinjiang have always been conducted in accordance with the law, it added.
 
The local government upholds the principles of protecting lawful activities, curbing illegal actions, containing extremism, resisting infiltration, and preventing and punishing crimes. The local government fully respects and safeguards civil rights including freedom of religious belief.
 
Based on experience learned from the international community, China has been active in implementing the resolution of the United Nations General Assembly concerning the United Nations Global Counterterrorism Strategy (60/288), the paper stressed.

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