Relationship between Human Rights and Development: An Analysis of Chinese Scholars' Perspectives and the Practice of Chinese Government - Group A - Humanrights

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Relationship between Human Rights and Development: An Analysis of Chinese Scholars' Perspectives and the Practice of Chinese Government
December 02,2016   By:
Relationship between Human Rights and Development: An Analysis of Chinese Scholars' Perspectives and the Practice of Chinese Government
 
ZHANG Wei 
 
CHINA 
 
Human rights, peace and development are three major tasks undertaken by the United Nations after World War II. Peace is the foundation for preservation of human rights and promotion of development, which is a universally recognized value. However, the issue of the relationship between human rights and development have been long debated on between the East and West, North and South countries, The vast majority of developing countries believe that their own poverty and backwardness are the result of the history of long-term consequences of unfair colonial rule, and the developed countries should compensate them, therefore they call for the development as a collective human rights the developing countries should have , and its obligations subject is the developed countries. At the same time, developing countries believe that their own unsatisfactory human rights situation is caused by an unfair international competition order, and its change needs to be built on the basis of economic development, without development, what about human rights? While the Western developed countries believe that human rights are the rights of individuals, the state cannot become the subject of the right, so the development task cannot be regarded as an international obligation of developed countries to help developing countries. They also uphold the principle of the supremacy of human rights, require developing countries to continuously improve the level of protection of human rights, or give economic sanctions to them under the pretense of human rights, in order to improve the human rights situation by tough way in these countries.
 
In this debate, the reality we faced is that, despite the increasing economic aggregate of developing countries, the economic gap between the North and the South continues to widen, the contradiction of the imbalance between the developed and developing countries is still outstanding. Based on the present situation, this paper introduces the three main views on the relationship between human rights and development briefly at first, and then elaborates the position of the United Nations on the issue. The third part of this paper combs the China government interpretation of the relationship between human rights and development and concludes finally to summarize the experience of development, find problems, and give a coping strategy.