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Global Human Rights Governance from the Perspective of Community of Common Destiny: On Some Human Rights Issues Faced by the Community of Common Destiny of the Human Race
Global Human Rights Governance from the Perspective of Community of Common Destiny: On Some Human Rights Issues Faced by the Community of Common Destiny of the Human Race

CAO Zhijian (left 2), Deputy Director of Foreign Languages School, Southwest University of Political Science and Law
The theme of my speech today is Global Human Rights Governance from the Perspective of Community of Common Destiny, in which I will discuss some challenges to global human rights. 
First, though, please clarify a concept: what is the community of common destiny in the context of global human rights? 
To put it in simpler terms, this concept implies one home for all people in the world. About two thousands years ago, Chinese philosophers fondly imagined a world where people live in perfect harmony and love strangers as if they were their family members. In this sense, the concept of a community of common destiny overcomes all sorts of differences in human society and targets the greatest possible benefits for all. 
Firstly, a global Community of Common Destiny calls for equality. In the age of economic globalization and technological innovation, the world is becoming a community, in which one's destiny is closely linked to that of another. Events occurring in one region of the world are likely to have an impact on other regions of the world as well, whether such an impact is intended, desirable, beneficial or otherwise. 
Therefore, in order to avoid vicious zero-sum games, it is necessary for all nations of the world to work together for a better future. In this process, equality is crucial, because it ensures that different nations will have a fair share of power in shaping the world.
So it is fair to say that our future lies in the hands of all nations -- and equally for that matter -- and all nations should pursue dialogues rather than confrontations, and forge partnerships instead of alliances. In the course of pursuing equal partnerships, China is actively participating in the reform of the global governance system, so as to change the unreasonable and unjust aspects of the system. This, we believe, will play a positive role in improving human rights. 
Secondly, a community of shared future calls for inclusive growth. In the community of common destiny, the development of one country is closely related to that of other countries. Therefore, China advocates efficient and fair global governance, open and transparent trade  governance, low-carbon global energy governance, as well as inclusive global development governance. 
Also as part of its efforts in this regard, China champions better representation for developing countries in the international governance system, and calls for the equal participation of all countries in making rules.
China’s Belt and Road Initiative was proposed in this spirit, as was the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the South-South Cooperation Fund, and increased investment by China in the world's least developed countries.
In addition to these development efforts, China has placed great emphasis on creating a safer world to make sustainable development possible, evident in its proposed solutions to risks and conflicts, and increased support for UN peace efforts.
To sum up, the concept of a global community of common destiny calls for the spirit of fraternity in addressing the human rights issues the world faces today. 
What are those human rights issues, then?
My team believes that in addition to traditional threats like wars, pandemics, and natural disasters, global human rights are facing some non-traditional threats, including food safety and security, shortage of resources, transnational crime, corruption, terrorism and climate change.
Food safety has a direct bearing on human health which in turn directly determines the degree of happiness that people may have. Food security, then, decides whether people can have access to adequate food, which, we believe, is an essential human right, for without adequate food, there is no survival.
The problems posed by shortage of resources are already being acutely felt by the international community, as is testified by the shrinking tropical rain forests, excessive exploitation of fish and other resources. 
Transnational crime, which is at the roots of many horrible stories shocking the people of the world again and again, such as the trafficking of women and children and the sexual exploitation of women in some regions of the world. 
Corruption is eroding the economic and social growth of the world, which would otherwise have benefited more of the world’s population. 
Last but not the least, extremism, terrorism and separatism have been plaguing all too many places of the world, resulting in untold sufferings for many.
How, then, should those non-traditional threats be countered with strength?
Our solution: promoting global human rights governance, that is to say, human rights issues cannot be addressed by individual countries alone. It takes effective global human rights governance to solve those issues that have been pestering the international community.